Have you ever attended a meeting by which “formal” attire is anticipated? You probably would not wear old jeans with holes in the knees, a stained tee shirt promoting your preferred beverage, and a couple of sandals. You probably chose more formal attire.
You do not know, would you use the same kind of language you use when talking with friends if you were giving an important speech to a group of people? Probably not. Recognizing your lack of understanding of the viewers, the necessity of the occasion, your want to demonstrate your knowledge of this subject, as well as the impression you want to make, you would probably use a more formal voice for your speech than what you will use when talking with close friends.
For all associated with essays you write for this course, you should utilize a formal writing voice. You need to use the sort of language you would use when giving an speech that is important not the kind of language you could use when talking with close friends. A formal tone helps establish the writer’s respect for the audience and shows that the writer is seriously interested in his / her topic. This is the type or variety of tone that educated people use when chatting with other educated people. Most academic writing uses a tone that is formal.
1. Don’t use pronouns that are first-person”I,” “me,” “my,” “we,” “us,” etc.).
Using these expressions in analytical and persuasive essays could make the writing wordy, could make the writer seem less confident of his / her ideas, and can give the essay an tone that is informal. Use of first-person pronouns is unnecessary when you look at the forms of essays you are writing when it comes to course. Readers will know that they’re reading your thoughts, beliefs, or opinions, and that means you essay writers don’t need to state, “I think that,” “I believe that,” or “in my opinion.” Simply delete these expressions from sentences, and also you shall be left with stronger sentences.
i believe that this character is confused.
This character is confused.
(The second sentence is less wordy, sounds more formal, and conveys a far more confident tone.)
“One,” “the reader,” “readers,” “the viewer,” or something similar sometimes can be used effectively rather than first-person pronouns in formal papers, but take care not to overuse these expressions. You need to sound formal, not stiff and awkward.
i will sense the character’s confusion.
2. Avoid readers that are addressing “you.”
Addressing readers using second-person pronouns (“you, your”) can make an essay sound informal and may bring assumptions into an essay that aren’t true. A student once wrote in her essay, “If you wear a tube top, guys might believe that you are easy.” I wondered why the student would believe that I, a male, would wear a tube top. As with first-person pronouns, second-person pronouns may be replaced by words such as “one,” “the reader,” “readers,” and “the viewer.”
3. Avoid the use of contractions.
Contractions are shortened versions of words which use apostrophes rather than letters, such as for example “can’t,” “isn’t,” “she is,” and “wouldn’t.” The greater formal, non-contracted versions are “cannot,” “is not,” “she is,” and “would not.” You could be surprised by simply how much better a sentence can sound if non-contracted versions associated with the expressed words replace the contractions.
The character is not conscious that he is enclosed by people he can’t trust.
The type just isn’t aware that he’s enclosed by people he cannot trust.
Making your writing more formal by avoiding contractions is not difficult: just discover the contractions and replace these with the non-contracted versions of the words.
4. Avoid colloquialism and slang expressions.
Colloquial diction is informal language found in everyday speech and includes such words as “guys,” “yeah,” “stuff,” “kind of,” “okay,” and “big deal.” Highly informal diction, such as “freak out” and “dissing,” falls into the category of “slang.” While slang words often are vivid and expressive, slang comes and goes quickly, another reason why slang ought to be avoided in formal writing. Both colloquialism and slang expressions convey an informal tone and should be avoided in formal writing.
The guy was nailed for ripping off a liquor store.
The man was convicted of robbing a liquor store.
That you may not intend as you avoid informal language, be careful not to use words that suggests ideas. “The gentleman was convicted of robbing a liquor store” would leave readers wondering probably why the person who robbed the shop is known as to be a “gentleman.” Likewise, “the girl was convicted of robbing a liquor store” would cause readers to probably wonder why a female who robs a liquor store is considered to be a “lady.”
5. Avoid nonstandard diction.
Nonstandard diction refers to expressions that are not considered legitimate words according towards the rules of Standard English usage. Nonstandard diction includes “ain’t,” “theirselves,” “hisself,” “anyways,” “alot” (the accepted version is “a lot”), and “alright” (the accepted version is “all right”). Most dictionaries that are good identify such expressions with the word “Nonstandard.” Because nonstandard expressions generally are not considered to be legitimate words, I mark these expressions in essays as types of “inaccurate word choice.”
6. Avoid abbreviated versions of words.
For example, in place of writing “photo,” “phone” and “TV,” write “photograph,” “telephone,” and “television.”
7. Avoid the overuse of short and sentences that are simple.
While the writer might use diction that is formal such sentences, a lot of short and easy sentences can make an essay sound informal, just as if the writer is not recognizing that the viewers is with the capacity of reading and understanding more complex and longer sentences. Short and simple sentences can be used effectively in formal writing, but heavy reliance on such sentences reflects poorly regarding the writer and gives the writing an informal tone.
Usually do not confuse diction that is formal presumptuous diction (the type of language that seems intended mainly to impress readers) or jargon (the sort of language only familiar to people within a specialized field, such as for example computer technicians).
You must not sound “artificial” while you use formal diction. Instead, consider that different situations require different uses of language and that educated folks are in a position to adapt their use of language to a variety of writing and situations that are speaking. Educated people have several different writing and speaking voices, and one voice is not any more “genuine” than another. Instead, the various voices reflect choices based on the writing or speaking situation. Through your word choice in essays, you are able to portray yourself as an person that is intelligent is conscious of your audience–a group of well-educated people whom you don’t know. Imagine the type of language that you may use within a job interview for an job that is important. With formal diction, it is possible to express yourself clearly, accurately, and effectively, without relying on the kind of language which you might used in less formal situations.